AWSS Prizes 2015
Outstanding Achievement Award
The Association for Women in Slavic Studies is pleased to announce that Dr. Sarah Phillips is winner of the 2015 Outstanding Achievement Award. Dr. Phillips is Professor of Anthropology, and Director of the Russian and East European Institute at Indiana University, Bloomington. A distinguished scholar, caring mentor, a model activist, efficient administrator, and an esteemed colleague, Dr. Phillips embodies the complete scale of values espoused by the AWSS.
Dr. Phillips is both a productive and a thoughtful scholar, with an uncanny knack of selecting unusual and little researched topics in women and gender studies. Her first book, Women's Social Activism in the New Ukraine: Development and the Politics of Differentiation (2008), was named the co-winner of the best book prize awarded by the American Association for Ukrainian Studies in 2008-2009. In her second monograph, Disability and Mobile Citizenship in Postsocialist Ukraine (2011), Dr. Phillips sensitively explored the world of disabled persons in post-Soviet states, creating a new locus and agenda for gender research.
Through the course of its investigations this committee has officially concluded that Dr. Phillips does not sleep. In addition to her demanding administrative position as Director of REEI, Bloomington, Dr. Phillips serves tirelessly on various scholarly organizations, on the boards of prestigious journals, and was even the editor of the Anthropology of East Europe Review. She is currently the Treasurer for the AWSS (2014-2015), and was recently elected Board Member-at-large for ASEEES (2015-2017). Outside academia, Dr. Phillips has founded a non-profit humanitarian foundation that has helped people with disabilities and chronic illnesses in Ukraine. And during the recent crisis in Ukraine she arranged a series of events on her campus to raise funds for the victims of the military conflict.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly, Dr. Phillips is an outstanding professor and mentor to her many graduate students. We received a large of number of glowing commendations from current and former graduate students. They describe Dr. Phillips as a caring and demanding professor, and it appears that she opens her home to foreign students during holidays when they are stranded on campus. She pushes her students to excel, to compete for grants, to finish their theses in time, and to make their scholarship useful to the world through activism. Dr. Phillips' students continue to rely on her advice and support after graduation, and this is perhaps the single greatest honor a student can bestow on a professor.
AWSS is proud to honor Dr. Phillips with the AWSS Outstanding Achievement Award for her scholarly achievements, her advocacy of women's and gender studies, her activism for social justice, and her generous mentorship of students and fellow scholars.
Mary Zirin Prize
Dr. Rosamund Bartlett is a distinguished translator, notably of Tolstoy and Chekhov, in addition to maintaining an impressive career as fellow, researcher and lecturer in the United Kingdom and Australia. Among her distinctions are her ground-breaking monograph, Wagner and Russia, and her work as Trustee of the Anton Chekhov Foundation, a charity consequent to her establishing the campaign to raise funds for the restoration and preservation of Chekhov's home in Yalta.
Dr. Ellen Elias-Bursac is distinguished both for language pedagogy and as a translator. Fluent in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian, Dr. Elias-Bursac has worked as Reviser for the United Nations, War Crimes Tribunal, English Language Unit. In 2015, her monograph, Translating Evidence and Interpreting Testimony at a War Crimes Tribunal: Working in a Tug-of-War, was published by Palgrave Macmillan.
While these two independent scholars have much in common, their paths are also widely divergent. Each woman serves as a model for the important work, scholarly and socially, that committed independent scholars can achieve.
Best Book in Slavic and East European Women's Studies
Valerie Sperling, Sex, Politics, and Putin: Political Legitimacy in Russia (Oxford University Press, 2015).
It is easy to see that Russian President Vladimir Putin's regime displays a hyper-masculine, sexist, and homophobic form of power. What is remarkable about Valerie Sperling's new book is that she shows us in great detail how gender norms have operated as foundational pillars of the post-1991 Russian state. Drawing on the tools provided by feminist and gender theory, masculinity and sexuality studies, as well as more traditional modes of political analysis, Sperling argues that these practices, although visible to an extreme in Russia, are by no means unique. In case studies on political youth groups, patriotism, military conscription, pro-natalism, feminism, and, of course, Pussy Riot, Sperling demonstrates how both supporters and opponents of the Putin regime remain trapped within the same patriarchal paradigms, unable to break down the symbolic and rhetorical structures that bolster the regime. While resistance to authoritarian rule has not experienced much success, Sperling argues that the case of Pussy Riot constitutes one of the most explicit challenges to Russian patriarchal norms. At the same time, the Putin regime used the controversy and trial to reinforce the "patriarchal church-state nexus" and to mark all feminists as standing outside the acceptable gender boundaries – and thus as enemies of the state. Nevertheless, in Sperling's view feminism remains one of the most powerful tools for recognizing and combatting the injustices of authoritarian states. Gender is thus not simply an essential category of analysis in comparative politics; it is the key to understanding the obstacles to full gender equality and, perhaps more importantly, the dynamics of democratization.
Honorable mention: Kristen Ghodsee, The Left Side of History: World War II and the Unfulfilled Promise of Communism in Eastern Europe (Duke University Press, 2015).
Written with compassion, conviction, and courage, The Left Side of History tells the story of two communist believers, British officer Frank Thompson who parachuted into Bulgarian-occupied east Serbia to join the Bulgarian partisans and Elena Lagadinova, the 14-year-old Bulgarian girl who was ready to sacrifice her life in the partisan movement fighting the Nazi-allied Bulgarian government. While Frank Thomson perished in Bulgaria during the war, Elena Lagadinova survived the resistance struggles. As a high-ranking leader of the Bulgarian women's movement during socialism, she continued to believe in and work for the betterment of human conditions and especially women's rights. Ghodsee's moving infatuation with the idealism and bravery of these two people, evident in her captivating prose, serves a larger purpose: the author narrates a complex story about the experience, perception, and memory of communism and the disillusionment with the dreams of democracy and free market economy after 1989. After the last page of this compelling tale is closed, the reader is left eagerly anticipating Ghodsee's next chronicle.
Best Book by a Woman in Slavic and East European Studies
Luba Golburt, The First Epoch: The Eighteenth Century and the Russian Cultural Imagination (University of Wisconsin Press, 2014).
Luba Golburt's book The First Epoch, the Eighteenth Century and the Russian Cultural Imagination is a true original. Golburt skillfully unearths the eighteenth-century literature that gave rise to the Pushkin era Golden Age. She argues that the culture of the nineteenth-century's Russian Golden Age emerged while the intellectuals of that era attempted to define their place in history. She shows that the Pushkin-era literary history writing mostly came about because of intellectual inquiry of the past, and despite its relegation to obscurity. This beautifully written book offers a fresh reading of the works of Derzhavin, Pushkin, Lomonosov, Viazemsky and other giants of literature. Golburt proves that the eighteenth century was a testing ground of periodization, belonging, and representation that, unlike Europe, did not abandon the 'ancient' while becoming 'modern.' Finally, Golburt's book succeeds in turning our attention to how Derzhavin, Pushkin and others imagined their literary origins, and desired to be remembered.
Honorable mention: Mary Elise Sarotte, The Collapse: The Accidental Opening of the Berlin Wall (Basic Books, 2014).
Insightful and compelling, The Collapse offers a fresh reading of the opening of the Berlin Wall. Contrary to more traditional historiography of the fall, which grants agency and power to a handful of world leaders from Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher to Mikhail Gorbachev and guided by meticulous archival research and extensive interviews, Mary Elise Sarotte contends that ordinary people -- bureaucrats, dissidents, and journalists -- caused the opening of the Wall. With a sense of suspense, the reader learns about brave East German citizens who took great risks to smuggle the truth to West Germany as well as committed and curious journalists who grabbed the opportunity to trumpet the opening that was perhaps mistakenly announced by the Berlin boss of the Communist Party. An absorbing read, the book pursues its argument of the political chaos in East Germany that accidentally led to the collapse with consistency and conviction.
Honorable mention: Anna Cichopek-Gajraj, Beyond Violence: Jewish Survivors in Poland and Slovakia, 1944-48 (Cambridge University Press, 2014).
Anna Cichopek-Gajraj‘s Beyond Violence: Jewish Survivors in Poland and Slovakia, 1944-48 offers an original, well-researched and stimulating comparative study of the return of Jewish holocaust survivors to Poland and Slovakia. Cichopek-Gajraj details the complex fates of postwar Jews in these contexts with considerable nuance, offering an important corrective to past assumptions about the unmitigated hostility and violence that met these returnees. Instead Beyond Violence explores accommodation, empathy, the shared fates of Jews and non-Jews and their ultimate reintegration into postwar Poland and Slovakia.
Best Article in Slavic and East European Women's Studies
Anika Walke, "Jewish Youth in the Minsk Ghetto: How Age and Gender Mattered," Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 15, 3 (Summer 2014): 535-62.
Anika Walke's article "Jewish Youth in the Minsk Ghetto" sits at the intersection of three important, but under-investigated, dimensions of World War II historiography: the Jewish experience in occupied Soviet territory, the lives of children and youth in the ghetto, and the gendered differences in those experiences. In addition to German and Soviet wartime documents, Walke taps recently produced oral histories, video testimonies, and written memoirs of survivors who were children during the war, to paint a rich picture of life in the Minsk ghetto under German occupation. Having grown up in the 1930s in a secular Soviet culture, these children had little sense of Jewish identity or community to sustain them emotionally or materially through the systematic imprisonment and killing that the German forces perpetrated in Belorussia after 1941. Facing the prospect of almost certain death, they managed to survive by caring for one another and escaping the ghetto when the opportunity arose. Walke highlights the silence surrounding the pervasiveness of sexual violence and the contributions of women to the partisan forces. Moreover, in bringing attention to the particular plight of Soviet Jewish youth and their exclusion from Soviet scholarship on the Great Patriotic War, Walke makes a substantial contribution that adds nuance and complexity to our understanding of the Holocaust and the German occupation of Minsk.
Honorable mention: Nadia Kaneva and Elza Ibroscheva, "Pin-ups, strippers and centerfolds: Gendered mediation and post-socialist political culture" European Journal of Cultural Studies 2015, vol. 18(2) 224-241.
Nadia Kaneva and Elza Ibroscheva's "Pin-ups, strippers, and centerfolds: gendered mediation and post-socialist political culture" published in the European Journal of Cultural Studies, offers a fascinating exploration of the ways that a contingency of female politicians in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe have packaged and deployed their own sexuality for political ends. As Kaneva and Ibrosheva convincingly argue, such women were not unwittingly "exploited" by the magazines, videos, and other press media that have sought out and "exposed" them in sexualized imagery. Instead these women have participated in and helped form a new post-socialist political culture, in which sex plays an important role.
Best Translation in Slavic/Eastern European/Eurasian Women's Studies
Olga Sedakova/ Caroline Clark, Ksenia Golubovich, Stephanie Sandler, In Praise of Poetry (Open Letter, 2014).
Until 1988 with the publication of her poetry in Russian, Olga Sedakova's work was known in the USSR only in samizdat circles. This belated recognition during Glasnost came two years after the publication of Sedakova's first Russian-language book in Paris. Her talent has since been recognized in Russia, Germany, France, Italy and Vatican. This English-language volume by Caroline Clark, Ksenia Golubovich and Stephanie Sandler offers new translations of the work of this exceptional poet and writer. It helps the readers understand Sedakova's personal development as a spiritual individual, and her process of becoming a poet by providing translations of her poetry, "Old Songs," "Tristan and Isolde," and her memoir-essay, "In Praise of Poetry." The translators enrich this unique project by including an interview with Sedakova, and her 2011 acceptance speech as the winner of the Masters Translation Prize in Moscow. This volume not only provides us with full translation of all the texts in English, but also helps us appreciate Sedakova's brilliance by juxtaposing her wisdom in religious texts and folklore, and her mysterious poetry. Sedakova said in 2011, her task as a translator was to translate foreign-language poems into Russian without "putting them into her own words," or making them sound "more familiar and conventional." These three translators just did that, successfully and beautifully translated Sedakova's work into English by allowing her to say what she wanted to say.
Graduate Research Prize
The committee is pleased to announce that the recipient of the 2015 Graduate Research Prize is Margarita Safronova, Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Political Science, at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Safronova's project studies the effect of culture on political integration and political identity among ethnic Russian youth in Kazakhstan and Latvia. She uses surveys, focus groups, and analysis of educational materials to assess the role of culture in the integration of the ethnic Russian minority in two post-Soviet states with very different governmental structures. Safronova employs a unique perspective that highlights the importance of culture in the political assimilation of ethnic minorities. Her study hopes to determine how political identity and assimilation translate into political support and economic stability. Safronova plans to use her grant to fund a follow-up trip to Kazakhstan to conduct research in two Kazakh cities with large ethnic Russian populations.
Graduate Essay Prize
Katarzyna Kaczmarska, "Russia, A Different Version of the International," a chapter of her Ph.D. dissertation, "The Politics of Representing the International: International Society and the Russian World," 2015.
In contrast to contemporary International Relations (IR) scholarship, Dr. Kaczmarska takes seriously the representations of the international that have emerged in contemporary Russian discourse and explores the conditions of their production. She emphasizes Russia's articulation of the idea of a "multipolar" world that puts Russia in competition with the West. Russia seeks to be an equal partner with the West, driven simultaneously by feelings of inferiority that emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union and confidence in Russia's "historic mission" as a unique and superior civilization. Paradoxically, "the Russian World" cannot exist without reliance on "the West" as the primary frame of reference with which to construct the Russian view of the international. By examining Russia "in its own terms," Dr. Kaczmarska provides powerful new insights into the motivations that drive Russian actions on the international stage. Dr. Kaczmarska's work brings a fresh and original perspective to the field of IR, which often proves to be American or Eurocentric while claiming to be objective. This thesis reframes the subfield by placing the concept of "the Russian World" at the center of analysis and calling IR's claims of objectivity into question. Dr. Kaczmarska effectively presents a balanced picture of Russian thinking without reproducing Russia's own biases.